What is News Structure?

News Writing Style


            News style, journalistic style or news writing style is he prose style used for news reporting in a media such as newspaper, radio and television.

            News style encompasses not only vocabulary and sentence structure, but also the way in which stories present the information in terms of relative importance, tone and intended audience. The tense used for news style article is past tense.

            Journalistic prose is explicit and precise and tries not to rely on jargon. As a rule, journalistic will not use long word when a short one will do they use subject-verb-objet construction and active prose.

            Some type of news writing style are;

  1. Hour Glass structure
  2. Pyramid structure
  3. Inverted Pyramid structure


  1. Hour Glass Structure:

“The hourglass is a form that satisfies editors who prefer a traditional approach to news writing as well as impatient readers who tire easily of leisurely approaches to stories that take forever to get to the point.”


Narrative: the bottom allows the write to tell a chromoloigical narrative complete with detail, dialogue and background information.

      The hourglass from summarizes the news then shift to a narrative. The top delivers the news, the turn acts as a transition, the narrative tells the story.

      This is useful and reader friendly way of structuring of a news. The hourglass style is an effective way of writing but it is not appropriate for all articles/news.


  1. Pyramid Structure:

“A news written in detail.”

The pyramid news style is old news style. Journalist usually describe the issue in opening paragraph lede and supporting it with facts and figures. Detail in body text or at last finally concluded the news.

Stories, Features, Columns, Editorial are written in pyramid style.




            A bus can from Multan and second from Faisalabad they both collided with each other as a result four people had died.


  1. Inverted Pyramid Structure:

“The inverted pyramid is a metaphor used by journalists and other writers to illustrate how information should be prioritized and structured in a text.” E.g. a news report.


            Journalists usually describe the organization or structure of a news story as an inverted pyramid. The essential and most interesting elements of a story are put at the beginning with supporting information following in order of diminishing importance.

            This structure enables readers to stop reading at any point and still come away with the essence of a story. It allows people to explore a topic to only the depth that their curiosity takes then and without the imposition of details or nuances that they could consider irrelevant, but still making that information available to more interested readers.

            The inverted pyramid structure also enables articles to be trimmed to any arbitary length during layout to fit in the space available. Writers are often to ensure that they present the most important facts first rather than requiring the reader to go through several paragraphs to find.