Basic terminology of behavior and welfare; development of behavior, basic concepts; why to study behavior; behavioral profiles of farm animals (dairy animals, small ruminants, equines and camels); types of animals behavior; communication; hormones and behavior; behavior in relation to training, handling, feeding, transport and slaughter of animals; animal well-being (the ultimate goal); rights of animals (legal and moral); eliminating all sorts of stress.


Methods of assessing behavior; demonstration about five freedoms; observing territoriality, social behavior including courtship, mate guarding, mate choice and play behavior; determining flight and fight zones in various species; observing aggressive, sexual and eliminative behavior and observing cases of undue stress on account of beating, exposure to severe hot and cold weather, carelessness in feeding, overcrowding, overloading, underfeeding and overworking by lame, emaciated and diseased animals, then writing report based on these observations.

Books Recommended

  1. Blackshaw, J.K. 2003. Notes on some topics of applied animal behavior. School of vet. Sci., University of Queensland, Australia.
  2. Goodenough, J. et al., 1993. Perspectives of animal behavior. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
  3. Prasad, S 2004. Animal behavior. CBS publishers and Distributors, New Delhi, India.
  4. Yadav, PR 2007. Animal Behavior. Campus Books International, New Delhi, India.
  5. Ruhela, A. and M. Sinha 2010. Recent trends in animal behavior. Mehra Offset Press, Delhi, India.
  6. Ruhela . 2010. Recent Trends In Animal Behaviour.