This is two credit hour course and designed to introduce the non-wood uses of forests for sustainable forest resource management based on multiple uses of forests. Objective of the course is to get clear understanding about the uses of non-wood forest products.


Students will be well aware about the non-wood products of the forest and how to use on the commercial level.


  1. Bradbear, N. 2009. Bees and their role in forest livelihoods: A guide to the services provided by bees and the sustainable harvesting, processing and marketing of their products. FAO Rome
  2. B.R. Patil, K.K. Singh, S.E. Pawar, L. Maarse and J. Otte. 2009. Sericulture: An Alternative Source of Income to Enhance the Livelihoods of Small-scale Farmers and Tribal Communities: A research report by FAO.
  3. Tumul Singh.  Sericulture.  Department of Zoology, Udai Pratap Autonomous College, Varanasi-221002
  4. M. Awais. 2008. 10 Medicinal Plants of Pakistan. Institute of Pharmacy the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences the University of Oslo (Norway)


Sessional marks:     08

Mid exam marks:    12

Final exam marks:  20

Practical:                 20


Course Material