Regulation of blood glucose level

After studying this lesson, students should be able to:

  • Explain how plasma glucose concentration is maintained within narrow limits in the fed and fasting states.
  • Describe the Regulation of plasma glucose hormonally (insulin, glucagon, growth hormone, epinephrine, and cortisol)
  • Describe the Regulation of plasma glucose non-hormonally, and the role of various metabolic pathways in blood glucose level regulation
  • Explain the states of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia: An overview of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, their important causes, and clinical manifestations.
  • Describe the Diabetes Mellitus: Types of diabetes mellitus along with its clinical manifestations, metabolic changes in type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus, and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus.