Course Description:

The course Research Methods in Education is designed to orient Student Teachers to the concept and methods of research in education. Learner will able earners will engage in a critical analysis of different research work and relate it to their own context. The course provides students with the opportunity to engage with the research literature and to establish how different researchers techniques help improve the overall classroom situation. This course focuses on action research, and it aims to equip Student Teachers with the necessary skills to plan and conduct action research in an educational setting. Action research is a form of research that can be used to improve professional practices in the classroom. It can help in both personal development and institutional improvement. This course will also help Student Teachers to write research proposals and research reports and to create presentations to discuss their work.

Learning Outcomes:

At the end of the course, the learners will be able to ­

  • Discuss the meaning, nature & scope of research in education ­
  • Situate themselves as researching professionals ­
  • identify different models and approaches of action research
  • identify research problems and develop research questions
  • develop a research proposal.
  • Conduct research in different educational settings ­
  • Write research report and present it effectively


  1. Introduction of Educational Research
    1. Sources of Knowledge
    2. Scientific method
    3. Concept of research in education
    4. Need and scope of research in education
  1. Types of Research
    1. Types of research by Purpose
    2. Basic Research
    3. Applied Research
    4. Action Research
    5. Types of research by Methods
      1. Historical research
      2. Experimental Research
      3. Descriptive research
  1. Historical Research
    1. Introduction
    2. What is history
    3. Scope of historical research
    4. Formulation of problem for historical research
    5. Historical sources
    6. Historical criticism
    7. The Historical Hypothesis
  1. Experimental Research
    1. Introduction
    2. What is experiment
    3. Techniques of controlling extraneous variables
    4. Experimental validity
    5. Experimental designs
  1. Descriptive Research
    1. Introduction
    2. Survey studies
    3. Inter relational ship studies
    4. Development studies
    5. Planning cycle and descriptive research
  1. Tools and Techniques of Research
    1. Introduction
    2. Questionnaire
    3. Opinionnaire and attitude scale
    4. Interview
    5. Observation
    6. Tests and appraisal instruments
  1. Sampling Technique
    1. Introduction
    2. Population and sample
    3. Sampling designs
    4. Estimating sample size
    5. Sampling Errors
  1. Designing a Research Proposal
    1. Introduction
    2. Format of the research proposal
    3. Statement of the problem
    4. Purpose of the study
    5. Definitions, assumption and limitations
    6. Review of Related literature
    7. Theoretical framework
    8. Hypotheses and questions
    9. Proposed research procedures
    10. Time schedule
  1. Writing Research Report
    1. Introduction
    2. The research report
    3. Writing the report
    4. Assembling the research report

   Recommended Texts:

  1. Geoffrey E. Mills, L. R. Gay (2019). Educational research: Competencies for analysis and applications, (12th Ed.). N.Y: Merrill- Prentice Hall
  2. Patten, M. L., & Newhart, M. (2017). Understanding research methods: an overview of the    essentials. UK: Routledge

Suggested Readings:

  1. Fraenkel, J. R. &Wallen, N. E. (2015). How to design and evaluate research in education:     NY:      McGraw Hill
  2. Gay, L. R. (2010). Educational research: Competencies for analysis and application. NY:     Pearson Education.
  3. Walliman, N. (2017). Research methods: The basics. UK: Routledge

Web-based Resources