Course Description

The purpose of this course is to examine the evolution of education in the Pakistan with a view to the ideological, philosophical and psychological foundations, historical trends, government involvement, and pedagogical movements. The course will focus on the introduction of basic concepts in education and the Ideological, Philosophical and Psychological foundations of education. The major focus will be on developing an understanding of the education and major terminologies. The course will also throw light on guidance and counseling as an essential component of education. Through this course emphasis will be given on analyzing various sociological, political, economic and ideological forces that influence the process of education in our cultural context. This course will also be used to develop the ability in prospective teachers to interpret knowledge with its historical, philosophical, ideological and social context, which will lead to produce critical aspects of education both within and outside the school. This course will also explore vital issues across all levels including teacher preparation, education theory, and role of society and community in education process.

Course Objectives

At the completion of this course students will be able to:

  1. Define the basic concepts of Education
  2. Describe the important features of foundations of Education
  3. Understand the role of Education in society
  4. Describe the elements of Education
  5. Explain the modes of Education

Course Outline

  1. Introduction to Education
    1. Definition of Education
    2. Education as process and product
    3. Functions of education
    4. Elements of Education
  2. Modes of Education
    1. Informal Education
    2. Formal education
    3. Non Formal Education
  3. Islamic and Philosophical Foundation of Education
    1. Islamic Foundations of  Education
      1.  Quran
      2. Hadith
      3. Fiqqah
    2. Philosophical foundations
      1. Relationship between philosophy and education
      2. Main philosophical thoughts
      3. Contributions of Philosophy towards education



  1. Socioeconomic Foundations of Education
    1. Relationship between education and sociology
    2. School and Society
    3. Social conditions and Education
    4. Economic condition and Education
    5. Education and Politics
  2. Psychological foundations of Education
    1. Learning
    2. Maturation
    3. Relationships between Instruction and Psychology
    4. Contribution of Psychology towards Education
    5. Cognitive teaching strategies and Teacher
  3. Aims of Education and Curriculum
    1. Aims of Education (spiritual, Moral, Intellectual, Economic, Vocational, Social and cultural).
    2. Curriculum, Difference between Curriculum and Syllabus.
    3. Components of Curriculum (Aims and Objectives, Context and content relations

Procedures, characteristics of good text books)

  1. Methods of Teaching, Different methods of teaching-evaluation, What, Why, When and how to access.]
  1. Learning and Methods of Learning
    1. Strategy, methods and technique
    2. Traditional methods of teaching
    3. Non Traditional methods of Teaching
    4. Comparison in tradition and non-traditional methods
  2. Society, Community and Education
    1. Meaning of Society and Community
    2. Diversity and schooling
    3. The structure and culture of school
    4. Role of Education in Development of Society
  3. Guidance and Counselling
    1. Definition and difference between Guidance and Counselling
    2. Need of Educational Guidance
    3. Role of Guidance in Schools
    4. Forms of Guidance and Counselling

Recommended Texts:

1. ASER-Pakistan (2019). Annual Status of Education Report 2018. Islamabad: Idara Taleem-O-Agahi

2. Bartlett, S., Burton, D. (2016). Introduction to Education Studies. NY: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Suggested Readings

  1. Semel, S. F. (2018). Foundations of Education: the Essentials text. USA: Routledge
  2. Shami, P. A. (2015). Introduction to education. Lahore: Ilmi Book House.

UNESCO (2007). The Education System in Pakistan: Assessment of the National Education         Census. Retrieved from                       in%20pakistan.pdf