This course is a graduate course in stratigraphy. The rocks are formed during the full geological time from the oldest Precambrian to Recent Quaternary. This course is designed to understand the basic division of geological time scale (GTS). Different litho, bio and chorono stratigraphic divisions of time scale. This course is designed to acquire knowledge about the various stratigraphic successions formed during different geological times. This will help the student to understand the stratigraphic set up of various regions, especially Pakistan. Initially, the basic principles and laws of stratigraphic will be taught in the class. Then the application of these laws/ principles is used to evaluate the structures and correlations of different geological features formed during the geological time that will be understood by the students. This course also includes the principles of correlations.

Learning Outcomes

Following the completion of this course the student should be able to:

  1. Show an understanding of the methods used to date rocks.
  2. Explain the methods used to correlate strata and, given appropriate geological and geophysical information, correlate stratigraphic sections.
  3. Show an understanding of the principles of facies analysis and be able to apply these principles to specific regional examples in order to reconstruct palaeoenvironments.
  4. Show an understanding of the current theories on the origin of the earth and the origin and evolution of life on the earth.
  5. Show an understanding of the biostratigraphical techniques and be able to apply these techniques to specific examples.
  6. Describe the methods used to reconstruct palaeoclimates.
  7. Show an understanding of the stratigraphy of selected regions of Pakistani Basins.

Text Books

  1. Shah, S. I. (2000). Stratigraphy of Pakistan. Quetta: Geological Survey of Pakistan.
  2. Kazmi, A. H., & Abbasi, I. A. (2008). Stratigraphy & historical geology of Pakistan. Peshawar: Department & National Centre of Excellence in Geology.
  3. Boggs Jr, S. (2014). Principles of sedimentology and stratigraphy. London: Pearson Education.

Course Start Date: October 12, 2020

Course End Date:   February 04, 2021

Class Timing

Monday                11:00 AM -12:00 PM

Tuesday                11:00 AM - 12:00 PM

Wednesday         11:00 AM -12:00 PM

Assessment Criteria:

Sessional: 20 [Assignments (05) Presentations (05) Quiz (05) Attendance (05)]

Mid Term (Term paper): 30

Final exam: 50

Course Material