This course is designed to acquire knowledge about the tectono-stratigraphy of Pakistan with special emphasis on the tectonic elements and minerals and fuel deposits. This will help the students to learn about the interaction of regional plates and blocks such as the Indian Plate, Arabian Plate, Karakoram Plate, and Afghan Block through geological times and their influence on the stratigraphy and mineral deposits of Pakistan. The core objective of this subject is to provide the detailed Geological and Tectonic Setting of Pakistan by introducing the Geodynamic setting of Pakistan. From the supercontinent cycles including Rodinia to Pangea and its break up into Laurentia and Gondwanaland. It is the study that describes the Mineral exploration and its exploitation, exploration and development Oil and Gas resources, Metallic and non-metallic mineral resources, suitable aggregate study for construction materials, dams side studies, earthquake studies and mega Infrastructure related. It aims to study the detailed stratigraphy of Indo Pak Plate from Precambrian to recent deposits. It also describes about the various tectonics elements for collisional, extensional and transform plate boundary setting. From the formation of the mighty Himalayas, it includes the detailed tectonosedimentary, metamorphic and deformation mechanism. It will also focus on the occurrences of Active Seismic Zones of Pakistan and earthquake seismology scenarios.


Learning Outcomes:

Students should understand the tectonic processes operating on Earth, and how these processes have shaped and continue to shape the Earth. This includes both plate boundary processes and also processes that do not fit simply into the plate tectonic paradigm.Students should be able to apply this understanding to interpret the geology of Pakistan, both what tectonic processes might have produced the observed geology, and what geology might be expected to result from observed plate motions or interactions. Student will able to know about the major tectonic zones of Pakistan, they will understand the active seismic zones and disaster management. They shall see the basin stratigraphy in broad spectrum for hydrocarbon exploration activities. They will able to understand the metallic and non-metallic mineral resources of Pakistan


Text Books:

  1. Kazmi, A. H., & Jan, M. Q. (1997). Geology and tectonics of Pakistan. Graphic publishers.


  1. Kazmi, A. H., & Abbasi, I. A. (2008). Stratigraphy & historical geology of Pakistan (p. 524). Peshawar, Pakistan: Department & National Centre of Excellence in Geology.


  1. Searle, M. (2013). Colliding continents: a geological exploration of the Himalaya, Karakoram, and Tibet. Oxford University Press.

Course Start Date: October 12, 2020

Course End Date:   February 04, 2021

Class Timing

Monday                11:00 AM -12:00 PM

Tuesday                11:00 AM - 12:00 PM

Wednesday         11:00 AM -12:00 PM

Assessment Criteria:

Sessional: 20 [Assignments (05) Presentations (05) Quiz (05) Attendance (05)]

Mid Term (Term paper): 30

Final exam: 50