In tie stall, most of the system components are contained in the same structure. This type of housing is not preferred in modern dairy farming. In this type of housing system, there are two or more rows of tie stalls with a manure gutter, feed manger and service alley for each row:
- The tie stalls may be constructed in a single row if the number of animals is 16 or less or in two rows if the number is more, either with the heads of animals facing outside, the so-called tail-to-tail arrangement or with the heads of animals facing each other, the so-called head-to-head arrangement.
- The floor should be free from dampness and non-slippery, reasonably above the outside ground, and having a slope of 2.5 cm in 1.5 m length from front to back towards the rear channel. It should be easy to clean and wash and should get dry quickly.
Dairy shed with Tie stall system of housing should have following dimensions:
- 5 feet for feeding passage
- 2 feet width for feeding area/table
- 6-7 feet for of the stall
- 1 feet for rear channel for drainage
- 5 feet width for the manure-cum-milking passage
- Height of shed should be 18-20 feet in middle and 12-14 feet at corners
Stall should have following dimensions
- Length: 6-7 feet
- Width: 3-4 feet
- Height: 4 feet
- For feeding purpose the space for feeding should be separated from stall bed with a 1.5 feet manger curb. Above manger curb fix a rod at the height of 3 feet from floor. For 24 hours availability of water each stall should have water bowl with automatic supply of water. Such bowls are attached with stall rails. When animal push inside the pot with its mouth, water comes out automatically. The distance between floor and water bowl should be about 18-20 inches.
- For double row dairy shed with tie stall system, there are two types of arrangements. One is called Face-to-Face arrangement in which two rows of stalls are built on both sides with central feeding passage. Another is Tail-to-Tal arrangement in which two rows of stalls are built on both sides of shed with central milking cum drainage area. Face to face arrangement is most commonly accepted.
- In face to face diary shed with tie stall system, 14 feet space is left for feed alley. The dimensions for stall and rear channel are same as discussed above.
- In tail to tail arrangement there is 14 feet central space for milking and drainage.
Stall divisions may be of tubular iron, wooden bamboos etc.