Educational Assessment and Evaluation

Course Code: EDUC-6402                                                                Credits Hours: 3(3+0)


Course Description:

This course addresses the knowledge and understanding of formative and summative learning assessment and how teachers use assessment to inform decisions about teaching and learning. Assessment and evaluation are key directors of education and are pivotal to learning and teaching. Assessment is the process of making a judgement or measurement of the worth of an entity, for example, a person or process.  Evaluation in education involves gathering and evaluating data evolving from planned learning activities, delivery of instructions, and/or programs. Students will get an understanding of learning domains and their role in assessment. This course examines the purposes, paradigms, and types of assessment and evaluation used in education, and in particular the innovations associated with them. The course has the following main objectives for the students to understand the concepts and application of classroom assessment, integrate objectives with evaluation and measurement, acquire skills of assessing the learning outcomes, and interpret test scores and results of different assessment techniques.


Learning Outcomes:

After studying this course the prospective tteachers will be able to:        

  • Understand the concepts and application of classroom assessment.
  • Integrate objectives with evaluation and measurement.
  • Acquire skills of assessing the learning outcomes.
  • Interpret test scores and results of different assessment techniques
  • Know about the trends and techniques of classroom assessment
  • Understand different alternative classroom assessment techniques ­



  1. Measurement, Assessment and Evaluation
    1. Concept of measurement, assessment and evaluation
    2. Classroom assessment: Why,            What, How and When
    3. Types of assessment
    4. Characteristics of assessment
    5. Role of assessment
    6. Principles of Classroom assessment


2- Objectives and assessment

Purpose of a test

  1. Objectives and educational outcomes
  2. Writing Cognitive domain Objectives
  3. Defining Learning Outcomes
  4. Preparation of content outline
  5. Preparation of table of specification


  1. Types of Assessment Tests and Techniques
    1. Tests
      1. Achievement test
      2. Aptitude tests
      3. Attitude tests
      4. Intelligence tests
      5. Personality tests
      6. Criterion referenced and Norm referenced tests
  1. Techniques
    1. Questionnaire
    2. Observation
    3. Interview
    4. Rating scales
  2. Standardized Testing
  1. Types of Test
    1. Selection type (Objective type)
      1. Multiple choice questions
      2. True false questions
      3. Matching items
      4. Completion items
    2. Supply Type (Subjective type)
    3. Short Answers
    4. Essay
  2. Reliability of Assessment Tools
    1. Reliability
    2. Types of reliability
      1. Split half reliability
      2. Test rbtest reliability
      3. Kuder-Richardson reliability
      4. Parallel form Reliability
    3. Factors affecting reliability
    4. Usability of assessment tools


  1. Validity of Assessment Tool
    1. Nature of Validity
    2. Methods of Measuring Validity
      1. Content construct Validity
      2. Concurrent validity
      3. Predictive validity
      4. Criterion Validity
      5. Factors affecting validity
      6. Relationship between Validity and Reliability
  2. Planning and Administering Classroom Tests
    1. Planning a test
    2. General consideration in constructing objective test items
    3. General consideration in constructing essay items
    4. Administering test"
    5. Scoring of test






  1. Interpreting Test Scores
    1. Introduction of measurement scales and interpretation of test scores
    2. Interpreting test scores by percentile
    3. Interpreting test scores Percentages
    4. Interpreting test scores Ordering and ranking
    5. Frequency distribution
    6. Interpreting test scores Pictorial forms (graph, polygon, histogram)
    7. Measures of central tendency
    8. Measures of variability
    9. Planning the test
    10. Constructing and assembling the test
    11. Test Administration


  1. Reporting Test Scores
    1. Functions of test scores and progress reports
    2. Types of reporting and marking
    3. Calculating CGPA and assigning letter grades
    4. Conducting parent teacher conference.


Recommended Texts:


1. Blalock, H. M. (2017). Measurement in the social sciences. UK: Routledge.

2. Pidgeon, D., & Yates, A. (2018). An introduction to educational measurement. UK: Routledge.


Suggested Readings:

1. Gipps, C. (2011). Beyond Testing (Classic Edition): Towards a theory of educational assessment. UK: Routledge.

2. Miller, M.D., Linn, R. L. & Gronlund. N. E. (2013). Measurement and assessment in teaching (11th Edition).  USA: Pearson 

3. Wells, C. S., & Faulkner-Bond, M. (2016). Educational measurement: From foundations to future.       USA: Guilford Publications



  • Mid term Exam: 30
  • Sessional : 20
  • Final Term : 50

Teaching Methods 

  • Demostration
  • Discussion 
  • Colaborative Learning
  • Project Work 
  • Presentations

Course Material