This is three credit hours course and designed to give the basic knowledge about agroforestry systems in Pakistan.


At the completion of this course, the students will be able to:

  • Understand the suitable selection of trees on the farmlands
  • To overcome the problems about agroforestry in a scientific way



Students will be able to select the suitable species in the farmlands. They will be able to provide the basic guideline to the farmers about the proper selection of tree species and how to get the maximum benefits through these species. The course will provide the complete understanding of agroforestry system adopted in Pakistan



  1. Definition of a system, farming system and agro forestry system; Importance, need, objectives and potential of Agroforestry systems. Agro forestry Systems classification by: i- Major components: Agrisilvicultural, silvopastoral, Agrosilvopastoral and other systems. ii- Temporal and spatial character. iii- Function or application. iv- Spread and management.
  2. Agro forestry Systems Current Agro forestry systems in Pakistan in view of establishment, Cultural and Harvest Techniques
    1. Rotation Systems (Hurri)
    2. Permanent Tree and Field Crop Systems.
    3. Tree-Pasture Systems: Broadleaved and conifer species with grass and other forage species with domestic animals.
    4. “Minor” Forest Products systems.
  3. Agro forestry Systems in Latin American, African and Asian Countries
    1. Rotation Systems.
    2. Intercropping
    3. Permanent Tree and Field Crop
    4. Tree and Aquatic
    5. Tree and Forage
    6. Misc. Forest Products such as Medicinal Plants.
    7. Kitchen Gardens (Home Gardens).
  4. Designing Agro forestry Systems
    1. Land capability classifications and their application to design of agroforestry.
    2. Diagnosis and Design (D&D) Method.
  1. Objectives of method and design criteria.
  2. Use as iteractive design and implementation process.
  3. Procedural steps: Description. Diagnosis. Technology Design. Implementation Planning. Relationship to Farming Systems Approach.



  1. Ramesh Umrani/ CK Jain. (2010). Agroforestry systems and practices. Oxford book company.
  2. Andrew M. Gordon and Steven M. Newman. (1997). Temperate agroforestry systems. CAB International
  3. L.K. JHA. (2009). Advances in Agroforestry. APH publishing corporation, New Delhi.
  4. L.K. Jha and P.K. Sen Sarma.(1993). Agroforestry Indian perspective

Assessment Criteria

  • Mid Term Exam: 12
  • Sessional: 08 (Assignment + Presentation)
  • Final Exam: 20
  • Practical Exam: 20
  • Total Marks: 60

Timetable/ Classes

Wednesday: Time: 11: 20-12:10

Thursday: Time: 8: 50-10:30

Friday: Time: 9:40- 10:30

Course Material