Zoology, the scientific study of animal life, builds on centuries of human inquiry into the animal world. The mythologies of nearly every human culture document attempts to solve the mysteries of animal life and its origin. Zoologists now confront these same mysteries with the most advanced methods and technologies developed throughout all branches of science. We start by documenting the diversity of animal life and organizing it in a systematic way. This complex and exciting process builds on the contributions of thousands of zoologists working in all dimensions of the biosphere (Figure 1-1). We strive through this work to understand how animal diversity originated and how animals perform the basic processes of life that permit them to thrive in many diverse environments.

This section introduces the fundamental properties of animal life, the methodological principles on which their study is based, and two important theories that guide our research: (1) the theory of evolution, which is the central organizing principle of biology, and (2) the chromosomal theory of inheritance, which guides our study of heredity and variation in animals. These theories unify our knowledge of the animal world.

ZOOM Meeting ID: 599 898 0985 (http://us05web.zoom.us/j/2624056343?pwd=a2lyT2JnM1JIMjliK1ZOajlxY2xoZz09) 

Assessment methods

(Physical  method)


Presentations & assignment               20

Practicals:                                           20

Mid Term Exam:                                 20

Final exam:                                        40

Online Exam: 

Sessional                                        20

Mid Term                                         30

Final Term                                       50 

Course Work Plan and evaluation criteria for BS BOTANY Reg  1st Semester

Subject:  Principle of Animals life                         Credit hours:  4 (3+1)

Course code: ZOOL-5101


Course description

Week 1

Introduction of Zoology and fields of zoology 

Week 2

Place of zoology in science, the Fundamental unit of life, Diversity of Animals and Classification of Animals. Natural resourses and protection 

Week 3

Cells, Tissues organ and organ system 

Week 4

structure and function of  cell membrane vasious movement across membrane 

Week 5

cytoplasm and their organalles and cellular components, cytoskeleton, cell organalles mitochondria, Golgi appratus, lysosomes, ribosomes etc  

Week 6

 different type of tissues and their structure and function, Organ and Organ system 

Week 7

Ecology- I individuals and population 

Week 8


Week 9

The Chemical basis of Animal Life 

Week 10

Atoms and elements are the building Block of  all matter: compound and molecules; aggregation 

Week 11

 Energy and Enzymes: life Driving and controlling Forces 

Week 12

 How Animals Harvest Energy Stored in Nutrients 

Week 13

 Ecology-II communities and Ecosystems 

Week 14


Week 15

Assignment+ presentation+ Quiz(5+5+10)

Study of representative Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins Permanent slide preparations and Lab manual

Week 16

Final term






























Book Reference: Stephen A. Miller and John P. Harley Edition: 5TH 02 Copyright: 2002 Publisher: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Published: 2002

Harvard (18th ed.) HICKMAN, C. P., ROBERTS, L. S., & LARSON, A. (1997). Integrated principles of zoology. Boston, Mass, WCB/McGraw-Hill.

Course Material