Physical Chemistry (CHEM -5101)

Introduction to course

  • Elementary Mathematics
  • Physical States of Mater
  • Atomic Structure
  • Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Chemical Equilibrium
  • Solutions
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Electrochemistry


Course pre-requisites (if any)

  • The prerequisites is the Physical Chemistry (CHEM 181), Inorganic Chemistry (CHEM 161) in minimum grade “C” or better.

Learning outcomes

  • The subject physical chemistry covers basic scientific knowledge and its application in the field of biotechnology. Students will acquire knowledge to enable themselves to understand the fundamental principles and laws of thermodynamics and chemical equilibria and to investigate the physical properties of ideal/non-ideal binary solutions. Students will also be able to study the rates of reactions and perform related calculations.

Textbooks to be used for the course

  • Akhtar, M.N. & Ghulam Nabi, “Text Book of Physical Chemistry” Ilmi Kitab Khawna, Lahore (2006).
  • Bhatti, H.N. and K. Hussain, “Principles of Physical Chemistry”; Carvan Book House, Lahore (2005).
  • Das, R.C. and B. Behera, “Experimental Physical Chemistry”, Tata McGraw Hill, Delhi (2003).
  • Shaheen, M. A.,  Jilani, Manual of Practical Chemistry Vol. I, Jilani Notes, Sargodha, (2016).


Description of system of Evaluation (Exam, assignments etc)

  • Attendance                                           5  (Minimum attendance 80% is necessary to appear in exam)
  • Behavior                                            5 
  • Assignment & presentation               5
  • Mid Term Exam                                15%       
  • Project/Practical work:                       25%
  • Final exam:                                        45%


Detailed lesson plans for each lecture (Weekly/Week wise)

Week 1

Chemical Equilibrium introduction. Law of Mass Action, equilibrium constant, relationship between Kc, Kp, Kx and Ka

Week 2

Chaterlier’s Principle and its applications.

Week 3

 Chemical Kinetics. Zero, first and second order reaction

Week 4

Arrhenius equation, activation energy, Lindermmann”s mechanism, collision theory and transition state theory.

Week 5

Solution introduction. Composition, ideal and non-ideal solutions. Roult’s law.

Week 6

Colligative properties, ebullioscopy, cryoscopy, osmotic pressure

Week 7

Distillation and.concept of azeotrops and collides

Week 8

Physical States of Mater: Gases (van der Waal’s equation, critical Phenomena, Liquids (viscosity, Parachor value, Refractive index)

Week 9

Mid _ Term Examination

Week 10

Critical values of T, P &V., liquefaction of gases, molecular collisions, collision diameter, mean free path)

Week 11

Molar refraction and its applications. Dipole moment

Week 12

Solids properties, Unit cells. Bragg crystal analysis

Week 13

Crystal structure of NaCl, powder method of crystal structure analysis.

Week 14

Atomic structure introduction, De Brogile equation. Schrodinger wave equation, solution for particle in 1D box, quantization concept,

Week 15

Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, Pauli’s Exclusion Principle, Hund’s Rule.

Week 16

Logarithmic, exponential and trigonometric functions, Differentiation of elementary functions,

Week 17

Methods of differentiation & integration, Significance of differentiation & integration. Intro to electrochemistry

Week 18

Final Term Examination

Key dates and time of class meetings

  • Semester Start : 23th October 2020

Course Material