**Physical Chemistry (CHEM -5101)**

**Introduction to course**

- Elementary Mathematics
- Physical States of Mater
- Atomic Structure
- Chemical Thermodynamics
- Chemical Equilibrium
- Solutions
- Chemical Kinetics
- Electrochemistry

**Course pre-requisites (if any)**

- The prerequisites is the Physical Chemistry (CHEM 181), Inorganic Chemistry (CHEM 161) in minimum grade “C” or better.

**Learning outcomes**

- The subject physical chemistry covers basic scientific knowledge and its application in the field of biotechnology. Students will acquire knowledge to enable themselves to understand the fundamental principles and laws of thermodynamics and chemical equilibria and to investigate the physical properties of ideal/non-ideal binary solutions. Students will also be able to study the rates of reactions and perform related calculations.

**Textbooks to be used for the course**

- Akhtar, M.N. & Ghulam Nabi, “Text Book of Physical Chemistry” Ilmi Kitab Khawna, Lahore (2006).
- Bhatti, H.N. and K. Hussain, “Principles of Physical Chemistry”; Carvan Book House, Lahore (2005).
- Das, R.C. and B. Behera, “Experimental Physical Chemistry”, Tata McGraw Hill, Delhi (2003).
- Shaheen, M. A., Jilani, Manual of Practical Chemistry Vol. I, Jilani Notes, Sargodha, (2016).

**Description of system of Evaluation (Exam, assignments etc)**

- Attendance 5 (Minimum attendance 80% is necessary to appear in exam)
- Behavior 5
- Assignment & presentation 5
- Mid Term Exam 15%
- Project/Practical work: 25%
- Final exam: 45%

**Detailed lesson plans for each lecture (***Weekly/Week wise***)**

*Week 1*

Chemical Equilibrium introduction. Law of Mass Action, equilibrium constant, relationship between Kc, Kp, Kx and Ka

*Week 2*

Chaterlier’s Principle and its applications.

*Week 3*

Chemical Kinetics. Zero, first and second order reaction

*Week 4*

Arrhenius equation, activation energy, Lindermmann”s mechanism, collision theory and transition state theory.

*Week 5*

Solution introduction. Composition, ideal and non-ideal solutions. Roult’s law.

*Week 6*

Colligative properties, ebullioscopy, cryoscopy, osmotic pressure

*Week 7*

Distillation and.concept of azeotrops and collides

*Week 8*

Physical States of Mater: Gases (van der Waal’s equation, critical Phenomena, Liquids (viscosity, Parachor value, Refractive index)

*Week 9*

Mid _ Term Examination

*Week 10*

Critical values of T, P &V., liquefaction of gases, molecular collisions, collision diameter, mean free path)

*Week 11*

Molar refraction and its applications. Dipole moment

*Week 12*

Solids properties, Unit cells. Bragg crystal analysis

*Week 13*

Crystal structure of NaCl, powder method of crystal structure analysis.

*Week 14*

Atomic structure introduction, De Brogile equation. Schrodinger wave equation, solution for particle in 1D box, quantization concept,

*Week 15*

Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, Pauli’s Exclusion Principle, Hund’s Rule.

*Week 16*

Logarithmic, exponential and trigonometric functions, Differentiation of elementary functions,

*Week 17*

Methods of differentiation & integration, Significance of differentiation & integration. Intro to electrochemistry

*Week 18*

Final Term Examination

**Key dates and time of class meetings**

- Semester Start : 23th October 2020