Course Title: Reservoir Geology 

Course Code: GEOL-6131:     

Credit Hours: 3

Instructor: Dr. Muhammad Kashif

Email: [email protected]



This course aims to develop a fundamental knowledge of the basic geological and petrophysical concepts and apply this knowledge to understand reservoir geology. The course covers mechanical and chemical compaction, cap rocks (shales and salt)- overpressure, fluid flow in porous media, petrophysics (well logs and cores), stress condition in reservoirs, reservoir models, production geology, sandstone reservoirs, carbonate reservoirs, and several case studies. As well as reservoir rock types, carbonates and non-marine reservoirs. Reservoir properties, depositional and diagenetic controls; fluid properties and their saturation; hydrocarbon distributing and fluid contacts; reservoir zonation and thickness mapping reservoir pore spaces configuration; mapping reservoir heterogeneity; reservoir estimation and calculation of reservoir volume.


This course will enable to discuss main concepts of Reservoir Geology, especially petrophysical concepts, used in the description of reservoirs and the way the corresponding rock properties are measured from cores. Access to rock properties from log interpretation and compare to core measurements. Define petro-facies, electro-facies and rock-types, Integrate cores, logs and well tests data for reservoir modeling. Apply the workflow for building a reservoir static model using dedicated software. Identify and assess the uncertainties within the geomodeling workflow.


  1. Introduction to reservoir characterization (Introduction to reservoir characterization; Reservoir characterization and modeling objectives; Reservoir characterization and modeling workflows; Data and related uncertainty; Data integration; Reservoir heterogeneities.
  2. Petrophysics-reservoir properties from cores & logs evaluation; Coring; Porosity: definition and measurements (effective and total porosity); pore size distribution by NMR and mercury Injection; Single-phase permeability: definition and measurements; liquid and gas permeability; Capillary pressure: definition and measurements (porous plates and centrifuge/interpretation, local saturation); from lab to reservoir: Pc to determine reservoir initial saturations and transition zones; Electric measurements. Formation factor and Resistivity Index (RI); Multi-phase permeability: Darcy's law for two-phase flows core analysis; relative permeability’s: steady-state, unsteady-state, interpretations, synthesis; Reservoir properties from log evaluation; Determination of reservoir properties from log interpretation (non-reservoir and reservoir zones, porosity, contacts, Archie’s law and saturations).


  1. Gluyas, J., & Swarbrick, R. (2013). Petroleum geoscience. John Wiley & Sons.
  2. Bjorlykke, K. (2010). Petroleum geoscience: From sedimentary environments to rock physics. Springer Science & Business Media.
  3. Zhang, Z. (2006). Physical Properties of Petroleum Reservoir. China university of Petroleum press.
  4.  Selected Research Papers.


Sessional: 20 (practical+ Presentation + Assignments)

Midterm exam: 30

Final exam: 50

Total: 100

  • 75 % attendance is must for the students to appear in exam of Midterm and final

Course Material