Course Title:             Physiology of Endocrine Coordination

Course Code:           ZOL-745

Credit Hrs:                03

Course Instructor:   Dr. Shafaat Yar Khan

Class:                       PhD 2nd Semester

Pre-requisite:           Graduate level understanding of Animal Physiology


Endocrinology, the science of ductless glands and their secretions, the hormones, has developed an attraction among the scientist since its beginning in 1849 by A.A. Berthold. It imparts role in a variety of physiological, behavioral and developmental processes among animals. The course mainly outlines the major endocrine glands, hormone biosynthesis, their chemistry and physiological roles in regulating various metabolic processes in general and on specific systems of the animal body.

Learning outcome:

The students will develop a comprehensive understanding of the contribution of endocrine glands in chemical coordination in a complex living system. The students will obtain an in depth knowledge of hormone biochemistry, their biosynthesis and the abnormalities in case of malfunctioning of the endocrine glands ranging from Diabetes mellitus to polycystic ovarian syndrome within the living world including human.

Other requirements:

  1. A functional email address
  2. An internet connection
  3. Good use of MS office program
    1. MS Word,
    2. MS power point,
    3. Adobe Acrobat reader (for pdf.)

Textbooks to be used for the course:

  1. Randall, D., Burggren, W., French, K. and Fernald, R., 2002. Eckert Animal Physiology: Mechanisms and Adaptations, 5th Ed. W.H. Freeman and Company, New York
  2. Guyton, A.C. and Hall, J.E., 2012. Textbook of Medical Physiology, 12th Ed. W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia2.
  3. Bullock, J., Boyle, J. and Wang, M.B., 2001. Physiology, 4th Ed. Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia.
  4. Berne, R.M. and Levy, M.N., 2000. Principles of Physiology, 3rd Ed. St. Lious, Mosby.
  5. Online sources/readings


  • Sessional: 20% (Presentation  & Class Participation)
  • Midterm exam/ Term paper: 30 %
  • Final exam: 50%

TIme table PhD 2nd Semester (2019) -Spring Semester -:

Tuesday :         9:00 -10:00 AM

Wednesday:    9:00-10:00 AM

Friday:            3:00-4:00 PM

Course Material