EDUC-6314                                 Institutional Improvement                                  3(3+0)


The course highlights the planning and procedures for institutional improvement. The basic objectives of the course are to: understand the concept of change and school improvement, recognize that change can be a slow and complex process and identify the role of school leaders as change agents. Academics must be involved in a sequence of tasks – developing assessments; testing and refining them against new evidence, making sense of accountability results, and responding with changes in programs or delivery. The course offers insight into the process of how educators could contribute to the development and use of outcome measures for student learning in higher education. It takes institutional improvement process as an important opportunity to learn and gain insight into the institution’s own quality management of the core functions of the institution (teaching & learning, research and community service/engagement). The goal of the course is to provide knowledge to prospective teachers about how to develop, integrate, and continuously improve institutional planning, implementation strategies, evaluation, and improvement activities.

Learning Outcomes:

By the end of the course student will be able to:


  • Understand the concept of change and school improvement
  • Identify the principal’s role in providing instructional, and administrative leadership within the context of a school’s culture
  • Know the management of the school's resources such as human resources, financial resources, instructional resources, and others.
  • Understand the process of planning  for school improvement
  • Identify the role of school leaders as change agents
  • Gain awareness of the changing contexts in school improvement
  • Devise institutional evaluation and improvement guide

Course Outline

  1.  Introduction: Improvement, Change and Innovation
  2. Concept and Process of Change
    1. Understanding the change process
    2. Role of change facilitator
    3. Individual and organizational change
  3. Features of Effective School
    1. Leadership
    2. Within school relationships
    3. School Community Relationships
    4. Proper utilization of Resources
    5. Students’ Academic Performance
    6. Professional Commitment of Teacher
  4.  Planning School Improvement
    1. Needs Assessment
    2. Survey of Human Resources
    3. Survey of Material Resources
    4. Targets and Strategies
    5. Assignments and Tasks
    6. Coordination and Implementation of plan
    7. Supervising and Monitoring
  5. The Scope of School Improvement Planning
    1. Comprehensive Needs Assessment
    2. Prioritization of Needs
    3. Setting Goals – Selecting Targets, Indicators, And Milestones
      1. Goal Composition
      2. Goal Timelines
    4. Implementation, Measurement, and Assessment
      1. Data Collection – How Is School Improvement Measured?
        1. Student Learning
        2. Demographics
        3. School Environment
        4. Implementation
    5. Ongoing Assessment and Data‐Driven Decision‐Making
    6. Communication with Stakeholders
  1. Review of Improvement Models
    1. Daggett System For Effective Instruction
    2. Results‐Oriented Cycle Of Inquiry
    3. Balanced Scorecard Model
  1. Evaluation of change
  2. Leadership Development
    1. Understanding Leadership in Schools
    2. Teacher as a Leader
    3. Shared Leadership
  3.  School Culture
    1. Understanding school culture
    2. School as a community of learners
  4. Evaluating and Improving Institutions
    1. Evolution of the Standards
    2. Characteristics of Evidence


Recommended Texts:

Clarke, P. (2015). Improving school in Difficulty. London: Continuum International


  1. Giancola, J. A. & Hutchison, J. K.  (2015). Transforming the culture of school leadership:

Humanizing our practice. CA: Corwin Press

Suggested Readings:


  1. Blasé, J., Blasé, J., & Phillips, D.Y.(2010). Handbook of School Improvement: How High-

Performing Principals Create High-Performing Schools. CA: Corwin Press

  1. North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. (2013). North Carolina School

Improvement Planning Implementation Guide.‐ guide.pdf

  1. Ruddock, J. & Flutter, J. (2014). How to improve your school: Giving pupils a voice.

London: Continuum Press


Class scedule

Monday & Tuesday 8:00 to 9:30am MA 3rd Regular

Tuesday & Thursday 3:30 to 5:00pm  MA 3rd SS

Course Material