The course is divided into three parts

  • Part I discusses the basics of  plant systematics  and its importance
  • Part II explores structure, function and arrangement of plat tissue systems
  • Part III includes the concept of developmental process in plant body

Course Contents

a)  Plant systematics

  • Introduction to Plant Systematic: aims, objectives and importance.
  • Classification:  Brief history of various systems of classification with emphasis on Takhtajan.
  • Brief introduction to nomenclature, importance of Latin names and binomial system with an introduction to International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN).Vienna code.
  • Morphology: a detailed account of various morphological characters root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, placentation and fruit types.
  • Diagnostic characters, economic importance and distribution pattern of the following families:

i.Ranunculaceae                  ii.Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)             iii.Fabaceae (Leguminosae) iv. Rosaceae     v.Euphorbiaceae              vi.Cucurbitaceae       vii. Lamiaceae (Labiatae)      viii. Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)

 ix. Asteraceae (Compositae)   x. Liliaceae (Sen. Lato)     

b) Anatomy

  • Cell wall: structure and chemical composition
  • Concept, structure and function of various tissues like:

i. Parenchyma             ii. Collenchyma                iii.  Sclerenchyma

iv. Epidermis (including stomata and trichomes) v.  Xylem          vi. Phloem

  • Meristem: types stem and root apices
  • Vascular cambium
  • Structure and development of root, stem and leaf. Primary and secondary growth of dicot stem, periderm
  • Characteristics of wood: diffuse porous and ring porous, sap and heart wood, soft and hard wood, annual rings.

c)  Development/Embryology

  • Early development of plant body: Capsella bursa-pastoris
  • Structure and development of Anther Microsporogenesis, Microgametophyte
  • Structure of Ovule Megasporogenesis, Megagametophyte
  • Endosperm formation
  • Parthenocarpy
  • Polyembryony

Course Aim

This course aims to develop understanding about core concepts of plant systematics, anatomy and early development of plant body.

Student learning outcomes/ learning objectives

By the end of this course, student should be able to:

  • Differentiate plant Taxonomy from plant Systematics
  • Make the herbarium of regional flora
  • Explain the various classification systems with merits and demerits
  • Understand the descriptive terminology,  binomial nomenclature and rules of ICBN
  • Understand the structure, function and distribution patterns  different tissue systems in plants
  • Understand the secondary growth in dicots and characteristics of wood
  • Distinguish the early  developmental processes of plant body

Assessment methodology

This is a four-credit lecture course

Mid Term Exam         30 Marks

Final Term Marks       45 Marks

Practical Exam           15 Marks

Sessional (Attendance, assignment & presentation) 10 Marks


James D. Mauseth (1998). Botany: an introduction to plant biology.2/e, Multimedia enhanced edition .

Moore, R. C., W. D. Clarke and Vodopich, D. S. 1998. Botany.McGraw Hill

Eichorn, S., & Evert, R. (2013). Raven biology of plants. New York: W.H. Freeman.

G. Singh. (2010).Plant systematics, An Integrated Approach.  Third Edition. Science Publishers.

Course Material