Sociology of War and Military has addressed two broad questions: Why do states and societies pay war as they do? And what difference does it make that war is, or has been, paid in that manner? This subject will build the focus on relations among the state, the armed forces, and society, responses to these questions emphasize the need for the learners to recognize that the state may not possess a monopoly of force, interstate and civil wars may link, and meaning and valence may figure prominently in war and its consequences. This subject tends to focus on three broad domains: mobilization into war, treatment of States after War, and signification of Military in State. Each State has its own distinctive analytics and historical pattern of transformation and development.

Detailed lesson plans for each lecture/week


What is war?

How was the life of the nation-state connected with changes in warfare?

Role of military

Importance of sociology in military

Genocide and War

The gendering of war.

Late    militarism:

Mediated war / Civil war: Revolution and war 

State crisis and formation

Global era 'new' wars:

Ethnicity and political economy

Ethnic 'cleansing' and genocide gender and refugees.



Media and global justice

The future of war


Class Timing:

On Wednesday from 04.00pm to 5.30pm and

On Thursday from 02.30 to 04.00pm.



Textbooks to be used for the course


  1. Carl V onclause witz, on war (ed.Peter Paret and Micheal Howard). Everyman's library, London, 1993.
  2. Avinen, S. 1992.Hegal's, Theory of the Modem state: Combridge University Press. P .194-207
  3. Gallie, W.B. 1978. Philosophers of war and peace
  4. Sumner, W.G.1911 war.P.3-42, war and other essays.


Description of system of Evaluation (Exam, assignments etc.)

Term Paper Topics

  1. Causes and effects of joining the military and duties of Military as Pakistani Solider.
  2. Advancement of military technologies and importance of strategic thinking in the Pakistan military.
  3. Gender restrictions in military war and its effects on mandatory military recruitment.
  4. Role of computers in the field of warfare in the future.
  5. Impact of military weaponry on the environment.
  6. Military drones and their effects on counter-terrorism.
  7. Technology and its role in Pakistan Military.
  8. Military Motivation, Leadership and Organizational Management.
  9. Pakistan Military and War on Terrorism.
  10. Nuclear weaponry and Pakistan Military. 
  11. Pakistan Military role to manage cyber security and terrorism in cyber space.
  12. Pakistan-India in War and Peace.
  13. Muslim Kashmiris facing Genocide.
  14. War Crimes and Society.
  15. War in Afghanistan and its impact in Pakistan.
  16. World War I and its Consequences.
  17. World War II and its Consequence.
  18. Women in World War II.
  19. World War II Technologies.
  20.  War on Terror
  21. Cold Warfare 
  22. Biological Warfare
  23. Chemical Warfare
  24. Cyber Warfare 
  25. Nuclear Warfare
  26. Information Warfare
  27. Guerrilla warfare
  28. Revolution and War



Mid-Term Exams: 30

Project: 05

Quiz: 05

Presentation: 05

Participation:  05

Final Exams: 50

Course Material