1.1. Concept of comparative Education, meaning, need, and scope
1.2. Purpose of comparative Education
1.3. Comparative education as an educational science
Unit 02: The history of Comparative Education
Unit 03: Methods of Comparative Education
3.1. Principles behind analyses of educational systems in different countries
Unit 04: Elements of Comparative Education (Both qualitative and quantitative dimensions)
4.3. Teaching Methodology
4.4. Assessment and evaluation (student achievement, examination system)
4.6. Educational structure
4.7. Administrative and financial set up
4.8. Teacher education
Unit 05: Comparative View of Systems of Education in Pakistan
5.1. Private and Public
5.2. Madrassah and formal education
5.3. Formal vs. distance and non-formal education
Unit 06: Comparative Education in Developed Countries
6.1. The U.S.A.
6.2. The U.K.
Unit 07: Comparative Education in Developing Countries
Unit 08: Comparative Education in Under developing Countries
Unit 09: Global Issues in Comparative Perspective (focusing on developing countries)
9.1. Quality Education
9.2. Education For All
9.3. Recruitment of teachers at elementary and secondary levels
9.4. Admission procedure at the higher education level
1. Hayhoe, R., Manion, C., & Mundy, K. (2017). Why study Comparative Education. London Routledge.
2. Watson, K. (2018). Key Issues in Education: Comparative perspectives. London: Routledge.
1. Beech, J. (2016). The Theme of Educational Transfer in Comparative Education: Research in Comparative and International Education. London: Routledge.
2. Han. S., & Buchmann, C. (2016). Aligning science achievement and STEM expectations for college success: A Comparative study of curricular standardization. The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences, 2(1), 192-211.
3. Marshall, J. (2014). Introduction to Comparative and International Education. London: Sage Publishing