This course is mainly concerned with the study of agriculture, minerals, industrial resources, and also means of transportation and trade centers of the world. It helps the students to investigate the spatial characteristics of trade and transactions in terms of their nature, causes, and consequences. It leans on the analysis of the transaction, from a simple commercial transaction involving an individual purchasing a product at a store, to the complex network of transaction maintained between a multinational corporation and its suppliers. The scale and scope of commercial geography vary significantly.

Learning outcomes:

It is the goal of this course that, by the end, a student will:

  1.  Identify the early commercial activities in the world reflecting different occupations in various environments.
  2.  To note, shift and change from primitive activities, and to understand the different stages of agricultural activities.
  3.  Comprehend the importance of manufacturing industries and handi-crafts in the world as commercial activities.
  4.  Understand the utilization of human resources of Pakistan and the mode of their exploitation.
  5.  Identify the importance of agricultural produce, minerals, and their distribution in the world, understand specific knowledge about the production of food crops in the world -their consumption and shortfalls.

Text Books:

  1. Khan, F.K. (2014). Commercial Geography. (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press, Karachi.
  2. Khalid, N. A. (2013). World-Pakistan Economic and Commercial Geography. Lahore: Azeem academy publisher & sellers.
  3. Hartshorme, T., A. & Susan, H. (1988). Economic Geography. Newyork: Prentice Hall, Inc. Englewood cliffs.

Course Start Date: March, 03,2020

Course End Date: June, 22,2020

Class Timing

Monday        11:00 AM- 12:00 PM

Wednesday  10:00 AM- 11:00 AM

Thursday      09:00 AM- 10:00 AM


Assessment Criteria: Total Marks 100

Sessional: 20 [Assignments (05) Presentations (05) Quiz (05) Attendance (05)]

Mid Term (Term Paper): 30

Final exam: 50




Course Material