Soil as a carbon sink and implication of its release to the atmosphere, relation of soil management with carbon emission and international carbon budget and trade will be taught in this course. The students will learn effective organic carbon sequestration for reduce carbon emission.

Course Contents


  1. Introduction to carbon sequestration.
  2. Descriptive and historical perspective of carbon cycle.
  3. Estimate and rate of carbon emission and climate change.
  4. Partition and transformation of carbon in soil.
  5. Soil and crop management strategies for carbon sequestration in soil.
  6. Biochar production, application challenges and opportunities.
  7. Land use pattern in relation to carbon emission.
  8. International Carbon trading


  1. Estimation of soil organic carbon.
  2. Measurement of CO2 emission in soil under different land use.
  3. Biochar preparation and characterization.

Books Recommended

1. Hartemink, A. E. and K. McSweeney (Ed.). 2014.  Soil Carbon: Progress in Soil Science. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland. 2. Lal, R., M. Suleimenov, B.A. Stewart, D.O. Hansen and P. Doraiswamy. 2007. Climate Change and Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration in Central Asia, Taylor and Francis, the Netherlands. 3. Piccolo, A. (Ed.). 2012. Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Soils. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, Germany. 4. Verheijen, F. G. A., S. Jeffery, A.C. Bastos, M. van der Velde and I. Diafas. 2010. Biochar application to Soils: A critical scientific Review of Effects on Soil Properties, Processes and Functions. Official publications, European Communities, Luxembourg. 

Course Material