Teaching of Social Studies

Course Code:EDU-510                                                             Credit Hours: 04


Physical sciences deal with the study of physical objects (matter), their interaction, interdependence, and predictability etc. While the social sciences deal with the study of human behavior through naturalistic observation as well as in laboratorial settings. All social sciences aim at studying the interaction, interdependence of human beings and predictability of human behavior. Owing to the complexity of human nature and behavior, it is very difficult and almost impossible to predict it with 100% accuracy and objectivity. Numerous attempts, however, have been made to make social sciences more and more systematic and organized by applying scientific methodology.

The major purpose of  teaching  these courses is  to develop mastery and command over the contents and competency of teaching the contents of social sciences from Class I  to class X ( in both public  and private sectors) by using a variety of methods and techniques of teaching social studies  at both elementary and secondary levels. Course -I is intended to deal with the former while course -II deals with the latter.


After the successful completion of this course the students will be able to:

  • Teach history and geography of  the world and subcontinent
  • Inculcate in their  students the passion of patriotism through teaching the history of Pakistan Movement
  • Understand different concepts of Islamic and Pakistan studies and teach them successfully at elementary and secondary level
  • Understand and appreciate the basic concepts of Pakistan Studies
  • Distinguish facts and infer from the events  related to Pakistan Movement
  • Develop and demonstrate the passion of patriotism and nation-hood.
  • Know the causes of making  Pakistan  and importance of its existence
  • Appreciate the role and sacrifices of the founder leaders of Pakistan movement
  • Understand the concept of Social Studies
  • Teach various concepts of Social Studies
  •  Identify various social problems and can appreciate their possible solutions
  • Evaluate achievements of students in the field of Social Studies
  • Develop among them love and respect for law, society, humanity.

Course Outline

Part I

  1. Introduction
    1. The developmental tasks of elementary years.
    2. Educating children for a different society.
    3. Changing our vision: developing a national and a global sense of citizenship.
    4. Global connections: one aim of social studies curriculum.
    5. Rationale for social studies global connections.
    6. The child’s ability to learn about others smear and far.
  2. Scope and objectives of social studies
    1. Social studies in search of definitions
    2. Goals of social studies education
    3. Characteristics of an effective social studies curriculum.
    4. Teaching social studies
    5. Objectives of teaching social studies in Pakistan
    6. Instruction of social studies in the light of National Curriculum Committee
    7. Important and repeated topics for Social Studies 
  3. Problems in teaching Social Studies
    1. Lack of trained teachers
    2. Problems of course books and instructional material
    3. Problems of resources and opportunities
    4. Social problems
    5. Civic education
    6. Economic problems
    7. Problems of local resources
    8. Political problems
    9. Educational problems


  1. History of Pakistan and Subcontinent
    1. Mehmud Ghaznavi, The Ghauries and the Slave-king dynasty
    2. The Mughals
    3. Europeans come to India
    4. India 1782—1856
    5. The War of Independence (1857)
    6. The road to independence, 1900—1947
    7. Muhammad Ali Jinnah (The Quaid -e -Azam)
    8. Pakistan Today --- The road to prosperity


  1. Geography of Pakistan
    1. Environment : Nature, types and components
    2. Population distribution in the world
    3. Components of the human environment : Agriculture , settlement and population
    4. Components of physical environment: Atmosphere , natural  vegetation , landforms, rocks and water
    5. Mountains and Plateaus
    6. Review of the content of Geography and History for class 9th, 10th
    7. Review of the content of Geography and History for Inter Level

Part IV

  1. Different teaching methods as given below will be demonstrated practically in the class room using appropriate content: e g.
    1. Lecture method
    2. Project method
    3. Discussion method
    4. Activity method
    5. Problem solving
    6. Text book method
    7. Role playing
    8. Questioning- answering
    9. Illustration and Demonstration
    10. Programmed Instructions

Recommended Books:

Aslam, M.M. and et al (2003). Social Studies (From class I to 8). London: PTB.

Ediger, M., & Rao, D.B. (2003). Teaching social studies successfully. New Delhi: Discovery Publishers.

Horsburgh , N.(2003). New Oxford: Social studies for Pakistan.  Oxford: OUP (Book I to 5).

Kochhar, S. K. (2003). The teaching of social studies. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers.

Li, B. and Kim, T.S. (2003). Modern certificate guides : certificate commerce. (3rd  ed.). Islamabad: Federal Publications.

Mass, P. (2003).Oxford history for Pakistan. (book ,I.II and III). Oxford: OUP.

Sit, V. (2002). Integrated geography: Book -1, 2 and 3. (2nd ed.) Hong Kong: Longman. Hong Kong Education.


Sessional marks: 20

Mid term : 30 

Final term: 50

Timetable : 

Tuesday: 12:30-2:00

Thursday: 2:00-3:30

Friday: 12:30-2:00


Course Material