Inorganic Chemistry (CHEM -5102)

Introduction to Course

  • Periodic Table and Periodicity of properties
  • Acid – base equilibria
  • Chemical bonding
  • Chemistry of p-block elements
  • Chemistry of d-block elements
  • Separation techniques
  • Introduction to analytical techniques in inorganic chemistry
  • Chemical industries.

Course pre-requisites (if any)

  • The prerequisites is the Physical Chemistry (CHEM 181) in minimum grade “C” or better.

Learning outcomes

  • Students will acquire knowledge about the key introductory concepts of chemical bonding, acid-base chemistry, and properties of p-block elements as well as using this knowledge for qualitative and quantitative analysis of inorganic compounds during laboratory work. In addition to basics of elements, students will be able to get familiar with separation and basic analytical techniques alongwith knowledge of chemical industry and metallurgical operations.  

Textbooks (to be used for the course)

  • Bhatti, H.N. and Nasir, B.A. Modern Inorganic Chemistry, 1st Edition, The Carvan Book
    House, Lahore, (2000).
  • Graham, H and Man, H. Chemistry in Context 5th Edition, Thomas Nelson Ltd. U.K. (2000).
  • Shaheen, M. A., Jilani, Manual of Practical Chemistry Vol.II, Jilani Notes, Sargodha, (2016).
  • Albert, C.F., Wilkinson G. and Gaus, P.L. Basic Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. NY (1995).
    Vogel, A.I, „A Text Book of Macro and Semimicro Qualitative Inorganic Analysis‟, Longman Green & Co. NY (1995).
    Skoog, D.A., West, D.M and Holler, F.J. Analytical Chemistry, 6th Edition Saunders College Publications, UK (1994).

Description of system of Evaluation (Exam, assignments etc)

  • Sessional
    • Attendance                               5  (Minimum attendance 75% to appear in exam)
    • Behavior                                   5 
    • Assignment & presentation       5
  • Mid Term Exam                          15%       
  • Project/Practical work:              25%
  • Final exam:                                 45%

Detailed lesson plans for each lecture (Weekly/Week wise)

Week 1

Modern Periodic Table, Group trends and periodic properties, Atomic & ionic radii, ionization potentials, electron affinities and electronegativities; Redox potential, electrochemical series and its applications. Corrosion and electroplating

Week 2

Acids and bases, relative strengths of acids, pH, pKa, pKb. Hard and soft acid & Bases. SHAB Principle & its application. Buffers, types buffer, Preparation, Buffer capacity and applications of buffers. Indicators: (Acid-base, Redox, Adsorption), Solubility product, Common ion effect and its applications

Week 3

Nature of a bond, hybridization, Valence Bond Theory (VBT), The Concept of Resonance, Molecular Orbital Theory (MOT), Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory

Week 4

Special types of bonds such as Metallic bonds, Hydrogen Bonding, Bent bond

Week 5

Ion-dipole-dipole bond, ion induced-dipole bond

Week 6

Introduction to p-block elements (Group trends in p-block elements with reference to, atomic sizes & chemical reactivities). Boranes & Boride; aluminium halides, hydrides & Alums

Week 7

Silicates (Structural aspects, classifications and applications); silicones (Structural aspects, classifications and applications

Week 8

Germanes; phosphazenes, Phosphides, Oxoacids of Phosphorous; Oxoacids & salts of sulphur

Week 9

Mid Term Examination

Week 10

Noble gases (compounds of Xe, Kr, Ra; bonding and applications).Production of pure silicon chips for solar energy cells

Week 11

Electronic configuration. Characteristics. Nomenclature. Nature of bonding in coordination compounds: Werner’s theory, VBT, MOT and CFT for coordination compounds

Week 12

Isomerism in coordination compounds. Chelates: Classification and applications. Applications of coordination compounds (Medicinal, Industrial, Agricultural

Week 13

General introduction and Applications (Solvent extraction and Chromatographic techniques such as paper, Ion exchange and Column

Week 14

Introduction to spectroscopic Techniques: Principle, brief instrumentation, sample handling and applications of Flame emission, Atomic Absorption

Week 15

Introduction to spectroscopic Techniques: Principle, brief instrumentation, sample handling and applications of Infrared & Ultraviolet/Visible

Week 16

Metallurgy of Aluminum, Chromium and Uranium

Week 17

Fertilizers (Urea & Phosphate fertilizers) Cement and Sugar

Week 18

Final Term Examination

Key dates and time of class meetings

  • Semester Start : 15th March 2021
    • BS Zoology 2nd Self-Support (2020-2024)
      • Monday.        3:00 – 4:00pm.
      • Wednesday.  3:00 – 4:00pm.
      • Thursday.      2:00 – 4:00pm. Lab
      •  Thursday     4:00 – 5:00pm.


Course Material