This course is introduced to fulfill the requirements of such topics which are not usually discussed in the basic courses of chemistry like physical, Inorganic and Organic chemistry. It includes the knowledge of biomolecules and hydro cyclic nitrogenous compounds which are the basic structural units of biomolecules.

Introduction to spectroscopy help in research work as an analytical technique. Surface chemistry and collides are also briefly discussed. Study of modern materials like liquid crystals, fiber glass and semi-conductors is very useful in the present electronic world.

This section also covers the industrial chemistry and nuclear chemistry which are basic requirement for the development and defense of the country.

Course Content

  • Biomolecules and Simple Heterocycles
  • Introduction to Spectroscopy
  • Surface Phenomena and Colloids
  • Nuclear Chemistry
  • Modern Materials
  • Chemical Industries


  1. Determination of adsorption parameters using Langmuir adsorption isotherm of acetic acid on charcol
  2. Percentage determination of barium in barium nitrate by gravimetric method.
  3. Gravimetric determination of nickel.
  4. Structure elucidation of some simple organic compounds by spectroscopy (Spectrum interpretation).
  5. Tests for lipids, proteins, carbohydrates. 


Recommended Books :

  • Voet, D. R and Voet, J. G. Biochemistry, 5th Edition John Wiley & Sons, NY (2016).
  • Arnikar, H.J. Nuclear Chemistry. 4th Krishna Prakashan Media (P) Ltd. (2010).
  • Gurdeep R. “Advanced Physical Chemistry”, 4th Krishna Prakashan Media (P) Ltd. Delhi(2016).
  • Shaheen, M. A., Paracha, R. N, Jilani, Manual of Practical Chemistry Vol. IV, Jilani Notes,Sargodha, (2016)                         


Detailed lesson plans for each lecture (Weekly/Week wise)




Introduction to Ultraviolet-Visible Spectroscopy, UV & wood ward Fieser rule for lamda max calculations.


Introduction to IR, factors affecting IR and synthetic applications. Exercise of λ max calculation and Assignment.

Lab: Qualitative analysis of carbohydrates, protein and lipid.


Biomolecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids, synthesis and properties), their importance.

Lab: Estimate of glucose in the sample by the titration method.


Heterocyclic compounds their properties, nomenclature, synthesis, importance and reactions.

Lab: Determination of adsorption parameters of acetic acid on charcoal


Mid Term Exams


Surface phenomenon and colloids (physisorption, chemisorption, isotherm, its types, properties, preparation and application).

Lab: Percentage determination of barium in barium nitrate by gravimetric method


Modern material (introduction to liquid crystal, inorganic polymers and ceramics, fiber glass, thin films, semi-conductors and composite materials).

Lab: Percentage determination of nickel ions by gravimetric method


Nuclear chemistry (radio activity, stability of nuclei, nuclear transformation, measurement of nuclear radiation, nuclear reactions, nuclear hazard and safety measures


Chemical industries (metallurgy of Aluminium, manufacturing of sulphuric acid, nitric acid, fertilizers, cement, glass)


Final Term Exam


Course Material