### Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics (PHYS-409/BS Physics 04 Years)

Course Introduction:

In Nuclear physics  we study about atomic nuclei and their constituents and interactions. Other forms of nuclear matter are also studied.Nuclear physics should not be confused with atomic Physics, which studies the atom as a whole, including its electrons.Particle Physics evolved out of nuclear physics.There are in total five chapters in this course.First Chapter deals with introduction of nucleus, second chapter deals with accelerators,third chpter deals with different types of detectors fourth chapter is about different types of nuclear forces and their interaction and finally the last chapter is about particle physics.

Learning Outcomes:

On successful completion of this course, students will be able to use their conceptual understanding of the Properties of Nucleus in order to describe the Nuclear Magnetic Moments, Nuclear Electric Quadropole Moment use their ability to manage and operate different kind of detector to detect the nuclear radiation have the knowledge about the particle accelerator and can use it to work on this machine for advance research apply this knowledge in practical situations apply this knowledge for the transformation of one element to another have the knowledge of elementary particle, their classification and interaction

Recommended Books:

1. Introductory Nuclear Physics by Krane, (1995),
2. Concepts of Modern Physics by Beiser (1980)
3. Nuclei and Particles by E. Serge. W.A Banjamin Inc (1977)
4. Nuclear Physics by A.E.S Green, McGraw Hill Book Co (1995)
5. Nuclear Physics (VOL I and II) by G. Chatwal. Dominant Publisher and Distribution (2007)
6. B. Povh, K. Rith, C. Scholtz, F. Zestsche. Particle and Nuclei (1999)

Assessment criteria:

Sessional: 20% (Presentation: 10% Assignment:  10%)

Mid Term: 30%

Final exam: 50%

Course Contents (Detailed lesson Plan):

Chapter 1. Basic Properties of Nucleus ( Lesson 1-4: Jan 20,2020 to Feb 28,2020)

1.1 Basic properties of Nucleus

1.2 Size and Mass of the Nucleus

1.3 Nuclear Spin and Magnetic Dipole Moment

1.5 Mass Defect and Binding Energy

1.6 Proton- electron hypothesis

1.7 Parity and Statistics

1.8 Passage of charged particle through matter

Chapter 2.  Accelerators ( Lesson 5-8: Feb 29,2020 to March 28,2020)

2.1 Particle Accelerators: Linear accelerator

2.2 Van de Graff Generator accelertor

2.3 Betatron

2.4 Cyclotron,Synchrocyclotron, Proton Synchrotron

Chapter 3.  Detectors ( Lesson 9-12: March 29,2020 to April 28,2020)

3.1 Detectors, ionization chamber

3.2 Proportional counter, scintillation counter

3.3 Semi-conductor detector

3.4 Bubble chamber

3.5 Cloud Chamber

Chapter 4.  Nuclear Forces ( Lesson 13-16: April 29,2020 to May 15,2020)

4.1 Forces, Yukawa theory

4.2 proton-proton and neutron-proton scattering

4.3 charge independence of nuclear force

Chapter 5.  Particle Physics ( Lesson 17-20: May 16,2020 to June 07,2020)

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Fundamental Interactions

5.3 Classification of elementary particles

5.4 Parameters of elementary particles

5.4.1 The mass less bosons, The leptons, The mesons, The baryons

5.5 The eight fold way, Quarks, color, charm

Key Dates and Times of Class meeting

BS Physics 04 Years Session 2016-2020 Ex-PPP ( Semester VIII )

1. Monday (11.30 am - 12:30 pm)

2. Tuesday (11.30 am - 12:30 pm)

3. Wednesday (11.30 am - 12:30 pm)

Commencement of Classes          January 20,2020

Mid Term Examination                   March 09-13,2020

Final Term examination                 June 08-12, 2020

Declaration of Result                     June 22,2020

Course Material:

Week 1-2: Basic properties of Nucleus, Size and Mass of the Nucleus, Nuclear Spin

Week 3-4 Magnetic Dipole Moment, Monopoles, Electric Quadropole Moment.

Week 5-6:  Mass Defect and Binding Energy, Proton- electron hypothesis

Week 7-8: Parity and Statistics, Passage of charged particle through matter

Week 9-10: Particle Accelerators: Linear accelerator, Van de Graff

Week 11-12: Betatron, synchrocyclotron, proton synchrotron

Week 13-14: Forces, Yukawa theory, proton-proton and neutron-proton scattering, charge independence of nuclear force.

Week 15-16: Introduction, Fundamental Interactions, Classification of elementary particles,Parameters of elementary particles, The mass less bosons, The leptons, The mesons, The baryons,The eight fold way, Quarks, color, charm.