Plant physiology helps to study a wide range of processes and functions that plants use to live and survive, including respiration, metabolism, transpiration, plant hormones, environmental response and transport processes. It is also very important to know the functions of a living organism or any of its parts. They also have help in agriculture fields, medicine, food production and textiles. Plant Ecology is the study of the interactions of living things with their environment. It helps to ask questions across four levels of biological organization—organismal, population, community, and ecosystem. At the organismal level, helps to study individual organisms and how they interact with their environments. This field helps to study the distribution and abundance of plants, the effects of environmental factors upon the abundance of plants, and the interactions among and between plants and other organisms.

Aims and objectives

 To understand

  • How plants work. ...
  • What's new in plant physiology..
  • How plant physiology relates to other fields in biology.
  • Various plant water relations and mineral nutrition in plants
  • Mechanisms of various metabolic processes in plants
  • Importance of ecological factors and scope of ecology
  • Understand the nature of environmental influences on individual organisms, their populations, and communities, on ecoscapes and ultimately at the level of the biosphere

Learning outcomes

The students will be having comprehensive  knowledge  of  functioning  of  plant organs,  organelles  and their metabolism and will also be able to assess the effects of   various environmental factors on plant growth and development

Assesment criteria:

Sessional (Attendance, Assignment & Presentation)         10 Marks

Practical Exam:                       15 Marks

Mid Term Exam:                     30 Marks

Final Term Exam:                   45 Marks


Recommended Books:

  1. Schultz, J. C. 2005. Plant Ecology. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  2. Taiz, L. and Zeiger, E. 2006.   Plant Physiology.4th. Ed. Sinauers Publ. Co. Inc.Calif.
  3. Subrahmanyam, N. S. and Sambamurthy, A. V. S. S. 2000. Ecology. Narosa Publishing House,
  4. Townsend, C. R., Harper, J. L. and Begon, M. E. 2002. Essentials of Ecology. Blackwell Scientific
  5. Smith, R. L. 2004.Ecology and field biology. Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.,New York.


Course Material