Oceanography is the compulsory subject in BS geography program. It describes knowledge about world’s oceans their distribution, and its resources. To produce students, that have applicable knowledge about the existence of oceans, the formation of ocean floors, their distribution, effects of climate and ocean resource management. This course provides an overview of the ocean environment with an emphasis on the interrelationship of the subdisciplines of ocean sciences. This course will focus on the importance of the oceans to human beings as well as the impact of human activities on the oceans. The material covered: the formation and structure of their basins (continental margins, deep abyssal plains, ridges, and trenches); the physical description of their surface (waves, and tides) and of seawater (physical properties, identification of water masses based on density); the general oceanic circulation patterns (fluxes of energy at the ocean-atmosphere interface, drift, and thermohaline circulation); the biological oceanic populations as a function of diverse physio-chemical variables. These theoretical aspects of oceanography will be followed by regional case studies of coastal systems and an introduction to the state of the environment in the Oceans (i.e contamination, oil spills, fisheries exploitation).     

 Learning Objectives:

  • To impart basic and applied knowledge of oceanography,
  • To impart skills on the ocean distribution, the existence of oceans, availability of resources in oceans
  • To discuss the spatial distribution of oceans and their effects
  • Land, Ocean and atmosphere relationship
  • To study ocean currents, variability, and Mechanism.
  • To study the ocean habitat.
  • To study the ocean resources and law of ocean territory.

Text Books:

  1. Douglas A. Segar. (1998), Ocean Sciences, Wadsworth Publishing Company, ITP An International Thomson Company, USA
  2. Barnes, H. (1959): Apparatus & Methods of Oceanography, London; 1st Edition. George Allen &Unwin Ltd.
  3. Duxbury, A.B & Duxbury, A.C. (1994): An Introduction to the World Oceans. Oxford; 4th Edition. WMC Brown Publishers.
  4. Crust, C. (1977). Introduction to oceanography.

Course Start Date: January 13, 2020

Course End Date:   May 08, 2020

Class Timing

Monday        11:00 AM- 12:00 PM

Tuesday       11:00 AM- 12:00 PM

Wednesday  11:00 AM- 12:00 PM


 Assessment Criteria:

Sessional: 20 [Assignments (05) Presentations (05) Quiz (05) Attendance (05)]

Mid Term: (Term Paper): 30

Final Exam: (50)



Course Material