Microbiology is the study of microorganisms. These include bacteria, viruses, fungi, algae, protozoa and parasites.They  cannot seen with the nacked eye but they all have a huge influence on our lifes in different categories e.g

Keeping the planet healthy, Agriculture, Combating disease , Chemical products, Biotechnology .



Course Code: ZOL-640

Credit Hours: 4(3+1)


  1. To teach the students techniques regarding isolation and characterization of bacteria.
  2. To help the students to understand the role of the bacteria in the environment, health and agriculture
  3. To explain basic microbial structure and function and structural similarities and differences among various physiological groups of bacteria/archaea.




  1. Bacterial physiology
  2. The phylogeny of bacteria
  3. Phototrophic, chemolithotrophic and methanotrophic proteobacteria
  4. Aerobic and facultatively aerobic chemoorganotrophic proteobacteria
  5. Morphologically unusual proteobacteria
  6. Delta and epsilon proteobacteria
  7. Firmicutes, mollicutes and action bacteria
  8. Cyanobacteria and prochlorophytes
  9. Chlamydia                  
  10. Planctomycetes
  11. Verrucomicrobia, Flavobacteria and Acidobacteria
  12. Cytophaga group
  13. Green Sulfur bacteria, Spirochetes, Dienococci
  14. The green non sulfur bacteria, Hyperthermophillic bacteria, Nitrospira and Deferribacter,
  15. Diversity of Archea, Euryarchaeota, Crenarchaeota


  1. Culturing of microorganisms: preparation and sterilization of culture media, broth culture, agar slope, agar slab, streak plates, pour plates.
  2. Isolation and stock culturing of bacteria. Quantitative plating method.
  3. The turbidimetric estimation of microbial growth. Study of bacterial viruses.
  4. Biochemical characterization of bacteria




  1. Brock Biology of Microorganisms. Madigan, M.T., Martinko, J.M. and Parker, J. 1997. Prentice- Hall, London.
  2. Microbial Applications (complete version) Laboratory Manual in General
  3. Microbiology. Benson, H.J. 1994. WMC Brown Publisher, England.
  4. Microbiology. Pelczar Jr., Chan, E.C.S. and Kreg, M.R. 1986. McGraw Hill, London.
  5. The Microbial World. Stainier, R.Y., Ingraham, J.L., Wheelis, M.L. and Painter, R.R. 1986. Prentice Hall London.
  6. Microbiology. Prescott Harley Klen

Course Evaluation:

Term Paper: 25 Marks

Final: 50 Marks

Practical: 15 Marks

Sessional: 10 Marks( Attendance,presentation & assignment)

Time Table:

BS 8th ppp (Microbiology)

Monday Wednesday Friday  
  2:00-3:00 PM 3:00-4:00 PM 1:00-4:00 PM  

Course Material