Course Title: Power Generation Utilization

Course Instructor: Hafiz Ghulam Murtaza Qamar

Course Code: ET-214

Credit Hours: 4(3+1)

Email: [email protected]

Contact: +92-48-9230804


Course Objectives:

To enable students to familiarize with important topics related to power generation and utilization. To acquaint students with both steam generation and electricity production and to present some of the engineering calculations encountered in practice. Discuss the energy resources and energy conversion methods available for the production of electric power. Perform the preliminary design of the major components or systems of a conventional or alternate power plant. Explain the blade shapes, and calculate work output of typical turbine stages.Discuss the control methods of major pollutants emitted from fossil-fuel power plants. Discuss the environmental impact of electric power production on air quality, climate change, water, and land.


Learning Outcomes:

                             After completion of the course with a grade of C (2.0/2.4) or better, the students should be able to do the following:

  • Be familiar with machinery principles.
  • To introduce the concepts and phenomenon of different sources of Power Generation.
  • To give an idea about the fundamental concepts of electrical power distribution, both AC & DC.
  •  To familiarize the students with the Tariff methods for electrical energy consumption in the prospect of optimum utilization of electrical energy.
  •  To impart the knowledge of different turbines used in the generating stations with the analytical methods.
  • Be able to demonstrate an ability to start up power generation equipment, shut down equipment, monitor equipment, and identify and correct abnormal operating conditions.
  • Each graduate will have the ability to describe basic electrical theory, basic electrical power generation equipment, and instrumentation utilized in the production and control of commercial electrical power generation.








Course Pre-Requisite: 

Electrical Machines


Recommended Text Book:

  1. Soni, Gupta, “A course in Electrical Power” Latest Edition
  2. V.K Mehta, R.Mehta “Principles of Power Systems” Latest Edition

Reference Text:

  1. S. L. Uppal, “Electric Power” Latest edition



1.  Everystudentenrolledinthisisexpectedtoattendalllectures.Forthispurpose,university regulationsgoverningattendancewillbeenforced.Onlyofficialexcusessubmittedwithinoneweek oftheoccurrenceofabsenceacceptable.

2.  HomeworkassignmentsarelistedinthetablebelowandwillNOTbecollected.HWsolutionswill beposted.Quizzesonthesamematerialofthehomeworkassignmentwillbegivenoneweekafter thepostingoftheHWsolution.Thedateoftheclassquizzeswillbeannouncedintheclassaswell asonthenoticeboardatleastaweekpriortothequizdate.

3.  Allquizzesare countedtowardsyourfinalgrade.NOMAKEUPQUIZZESWILLBEGIVENFOR ANYREASON.IfyouhaveanOFFICIALexcuseformissingaquiz,yourquizgradewillbebased onyourFINALEXAMresult.

4.  Cheatinginquizzes,exams,orthefinalexamwillresultinthegradeofFinthecourse.

5.  MajorExaminationswillbecoordinatedwiththeothersections.


Grading Policy















Attendance Policy:

All students must have minimum of 80% attendance to be eligible to appear in the final exam.

Note: Grading policy might be changed slightly to include marks for presentation and field trip report



1- Introduction: Importance of Electrical Energy, Generation of Electrical Energy, Sources of Energy, Comparison of Energy Sources, Units of Energy, Relationship Among Energy Units, Efficiency, Calorific Value of Fuels

2- Sources: Conventional and non-conventional sources of energy, various types of plants and their efficiencies.

3- Hydroelectric Power Plant: Site selection, plant layout, types of dams and turbines.

4- Thermal Power Plant: Site selection, plant layout, steam and gas turbines; flue gas, coal and ash flow diagrams.

5- Nuclear Power Plant: Basic theory of nuclear energy, reactors, shielding, generating station layout, safety and health hazards.

6- Diesel Engine: Construction and working.

7- Electrical Energy Utilization: Design techniques for electrical wiring for domestic and industrial applications, Cable selection,


Course Schedule

Week No.



Week 1

Introduction to Generation of electrical energy

Source of conventional energy,Method of harnessing, units of energy, Relationship among energy units


Chapter 1



Week 2

Special features and cycles used in steam power plant. Location of the plant and selection of units, prime movers and associated equipment && Numerical problems.

Chapter 2



Week 3

Hydroelectric Power Plants: Their equipment, layouts, run of the river, types of hydroelectric turbines and their stations.

And Numerical problem.


Chapter 2



Week 4

Diesel power plants, combine cycle systems and cogeneration. Location of plant and selection of units


Chapter 2


Week 5

Prime movers and associated equipment & Numerical problem.Quiz#1

Chapter 2


Week 6

Nuclear Power Plants: Nuclear reaction, fission and fusion

reaction, critical mass chain reaction, moderators, reactor control and cooling, classification of reactors, different types of reactors, radiation damages, shielding of grays neutrons,

Materials for construction&& Numerical problems.


Chapter 2




Week 7

Special features and cycles used in  gas power plants

Location of the plant and selection of units, prime movers and associated equipment && Numerical.

Chapter 2


Week 8

Structure of Electric Power System, Variable Load on Power Station, Load Curves, Important Terms and Factors, Units Generated per Annum, Load Duration Curve, Types of Loads, Typical Demand and Diversity Factors.

Chapter 3



Week 9

Load Curves and Selection of Generating Units, Important Points in the Selection of Units, Base Load and Peak Load on Power Station, Method of Meeting the Load, Interconnected Grid System and Numerical problem.

Chapter 3



Week 10

Tariff, Desirable Characteristics of a Tariff, Types of Tariff & Numerical problems.

Chapter 5


Week 11

Power Factor,  Power Triangle, Disadvantages of Low Power Factor, Causes of Low Power Factor ,Power Factor Improvement,  Power Factor Improvement Equipment

Chapter 6



Week 12

Calculations of Power Factor Correction, Importance of Power Factor Improvement,  Most Economical Power Factor,  Meeting the Increased kW Demand on Power Stations

Chapter 6


Week 13

Most Economical Power Factor 

Chapter 6



Week 14

Meeting the Increased kW Demand on Power Stations, Qui#2


Week 15



Week 16

Final term exam



Note: You can reserve one week for sessional or mid-term exam, if you wish, one week for student presentation of the assigned research project.

Course Material