Academic Writing is clear, concise,focussed,structured and backed up by evidence. Its purpose is to aid the reader's understanding. It has a formal tone and style, but it is not complex and does not require the use of long sentences and complicated vocabulary. Each subject discipline will have certain writing conventions, vocabulary and types of discourse that you willl become familiar with over the course of your degree. However there are some general charactristics of academic writing that are relevant across all disciplines. 

Charactristics of Academic Writing

Academic writing is:

Planned and focused: answers the question and demonstrates an understanding of the subject.

Structured: is coherent, written in a logical order and brings together related points and material. 

Evidenced: demonstrates knowledge of the subject area, support opinions and arguments with evidence, and is refrenced accurately.

Formal in tone and style: use appropriate language and tenses and is clear, concise and balanced.



Learning Outcomes:

This course is helpful for the students as:

  • It will make them learn skills which are effective for writing academically.
  • It will help the students to learn different strategies and techniques for using academic vocabulary.
  • It will also help the learners to write plagarism free.

Class: BS Biotechnology-III (SS)

Credit Hours: 03

Lecture Days: Monday, Tuesday and Thursday 

Lecture Timings: 02:00 p.m to 3.00 p.m.


For evaluation purposes, the students will be assigned with assignments.

Evaluation Criteria:

  • Sessional - 20marks
  • Mid Term Exam - 30marks
  • Final Term Exam - 50marks

Recommended Readings:

  1. Swales, J. M., & Feak, C. B. (2017). Academic writing for graduate students: Essential tasks and skills. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.
  2. Bailey, S. (2018). Academic writing: A handbook for international students. New York: Routledge.

Suggested Readings:

  1. Craswell, G. (2004). Writing for academic success. London: SAGE.
  2. Johnson-Sheehan, R. (2019). Writing today. Don Mills, Ontario: Pearson.
  3. Silvia, P. J. (2019). How to write a lot: A practical guide to productive academic writing. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.


Course Material