COURSE OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this course is to examine the evolution of education in Pakistan with a view to the ideological, philosophical, and psychological foundations, historical trends, government involvement, and pedagogical movements. The course will focus on the introduction of basic concepts in education and the Ideological, Philosophical, and Psychological foundations of education. The major focus will be on developing an understanding of education and major terminologies. The course will also throw light on guidance and counseling as an essential component of education. Through this course, emphasis will be given to analyzing various sociological, political, economic, and ideological forces that influence the process of education in our cultural context. This course will also be used to develop the ability in prospective teachers to interpret knowledge with its historical, philosophical, ideological, and social context, which will lead to producing critical aspects of education both within and outside the school. This course will also explore vital issues across all levels including teacher preparation, education theory, and the role of society and community in the education process.


  1. Introduction to Education
    1. Definition of Education
    2. Education as process and product
    3. Functions of education
    4. Elements of Education
  2. Modes of Education
    1. Informal Education
    2. Formal education
    3. Non Formal Education
  3. Islamic and Philosophical Foundation of Education
    1. Islamic Foundations of  Education
      1.  Quran
      2. Hadith
      3. Fiqqah
    2. Philosophical foundations
      1. Relationship between philosophy and education
      2. Main philosophical thoughts
      3. Contributions of Philosophy towards education



  1. Socioeconomic Foundations of Education
    1. Relationship between education and sociology
    2. School and Society
    3. Social conditions and Education
    4. Economic condition and Education
    5. Education and Politics
  2. Psychological foundations of Education
    1. Learning
    2. Maturation
    3. Relationships between Instruction and Psychology
    4. Contribution of Psychology towards Education
    5. Cognitive teaching strategies and Teacher
  3. Aims of Education and Curriculum
    1. Aims of Education (spiritual, Moral, Intellectual, Economic, Vocational, Social and cultural).
    2. Curriculum, Difference between Curriculum and Syllabus.
    3. Components of Curriculum (Aims and Objectives, Context and content relations

Procedures, characteristics of good text books)

  1. Methods of Teaching, Different methods of teaching-evaluation, What, Why, When and how to access.]
  1. Learning and Methods of Learning
    1. Strategy, methods and technique
    2. Traditional methods of teaching
    3. Non Traditional methods of Teaching
    4. Comparison in tradition and non-traditional methods
  2. Society, Community and Education
    1. Meaning of Society and Community
    2. Diversity and schooling
    3. The structure and culture of school
    4. Role of Education in Development of Society
  3. Guidance and Counselling
    1. Definition and difference between Guidance and Counselling
    2. Need of Educational Guidance
    3. Role of Guidance in Schools
    4. Forms of Guidance and Counselling               
    5.                                   Course Objectives  i) Define the basic concepts of Education. ii) Describe the important features of foundations of Education. iii) Explain the modes of Education

REFERENCE BOOKS:   The principles of Education by Maqbool Ahmed 

Description of System evaluation -  Mid term - 30 %, Sessionals - 20 & , Final- 50 %

Time Tablle - Every Monday 1230-1400 hrs, Every Tuesday 0800- 0930 hrs