At the end of the course, students will able to understand:

  • What are viruses and bacteria
  • Replication & pathogenesis by viruses and bacteria
  • The main virus families of plants
  • Methods to diagnose viruses
  • Transmission and movements of viruses in plants
  • Defense signaling pathways of plants
  • Metabolism of microbes
  • Plant microbe interaction and its consequences 

Major plant diseases caused by microbes