This course deals with the issues in foreign policy making from a broad comparative perspective. It studies the ways states formulate their foreign policies and how these policies are implemented. The course also examines external and internal factors that shape states’ foreign policies, how states interact and why foreign policy choices may differ between states.

Learning Outcomes

After reading this course the students will be able to,

  • Identify and critically assess the processes involved in foreign policy decision making
  • Discuss the contexts, pressures and constraints with which foreign policy makers have to deal
  • Contrast and compare the strength of theoretical approaches used in foreign policy analysis.

Course Contents

Understanding and Defining Foreign Policy

Foreign Policy and IR Theory

Models of Foreign Policy

Role of National Interest and National Security

Process of Foreign Policy

Goals and Objectives of Foreign Policy

Role of Foreign Offices


Military Force as a Foreign Policy Tool

Sanctions and Persuasion 

Aid Policy

Propoganda, Psychological Operations and Public Diplomacy

Non-State Actors, Foreign Policy Challenges


  • Assessment Criteria;

    Attendance and Class Participation: 10%
  • 75% of attendance would be mandatory to take the final term exams. Students are encouraged to participate in class discussion and ask questions. Students are expected to come to class well prepared, having read the assigned reading for each class. Please come to class on time. Habitually coming to class late will be penalized. Cell phones must be turned off. If your phone rings in class on more than one occasion, I will ask you to leave class.
  • Short Term Paper: 4%
    Each student is required to submit a short-term paper of ranging 2000 to 3000 words on  the assigned titles. Similarity Index would be evaluated by using Turnitin Software.
    Presentations: 4%
  • Map Quiz: 2%
  • Mid Term Examination: 30%
  • Final Term  Examination: 50%​
    Recommended Books
    N, Laura., Studying Foreign Policy Comparatively (Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2019)
    Beach, D. Analyzing Foreign Policy (Basinagstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012)
    Hill, C., The Changing Politics of Foreign Policy ( Basinagstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)

    Class Timings: 
    BSIR 3rd Regular
    Thursday-Friday 11 AM to 1230 PM
    BSIR 3rd Self Support
    Tuesday-Wednesday 330 to 5 PM

Course Material