EE-415: Power Distribution & Utilization

Semester / Session: 7th/Fall-2020

Instructor:                  Engr. Muhammad Imran Hashmi


Office Hours:              0800hrs to 1600hrs                                                                                        

Course TA:                 N.A.

Course Description:   Students are introduced to the basics of power distribution systems and effective utilization of power in heating and illumination applications.

Catalog Data:             Course Code:                           EE-415

                                    Course Title:                            Power Distribution and Utilization

                                    Credit Hours:                           3+1

                                    Course Designation:                 Elective

                                    No of Sessions per week:        2 (Total 32 sessions)

                                    Session Duration:                     90 min

Catalog Description:  EE-415 Power Distribution and Utilization, Credits (3+1)

Distributor systems, Types of distributors AC and DC, Load Estimation, forecasting and unit commitment, Power factor improvement methods, Electrical Power Utilization (Electrical Welding, Electrolysis, Heating, Illumination).

Prerequisite:   NIL

Prerequisites by Topics:    NIL

Co-requisite:               NIL

Textbook:                    V. K. Mehta, “Principles of Electrical Power Systems”.


1. M. L. Anand, "A Text Book of Electrical Power", Latest Edition.

2. Turan Gonen, "Electrical Power Distribution System", Latest Edition.

Program Learning Outcome: This course is designed in conjunction with the following PLOs.

PLO 1. Engineering Knowledge: An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, engineering fundamentals and an engineering specialization to the solution of complex engineering problems.

PLO 2. Problem Analysis: An ability to identify, formulate, research literature, and analyze complex engineering problems reaching substantiated conclusions using first principles of mathematics, natural sciences and engineering sciences.

Course Learning Outcome (CLO):        Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:

CLO 1. Understand power distributors and analyze the types of distributors as per their performance and pros & cons.                                                                                                [Congnitive-4]

CLO 2.  Analyze load forecasting, variations and unit commitment, and also able to understand reasons for degradation of power factor and methods of its improvements.          [Congnitive-4]

CLO 3. Understand and analyze utilization of electrical power i.e. Electrical Welding, Illumination, Electrolysis and Electrical Heating                                                                     [Congnitive-4]

Mapping of CLOs to PLOs and Learning Domains:                    

Course Learning Outcome

Program Learning Outcome

Learning Domain



Cognitive 4



Cognitive 4



Cognitive 4


Course Professional Outcome/ Industrial

Usage:        This course is an introductory course on Electrical Power Distribution & Utilization. It is designed for students in engineering and utilization of electrical power field. It introduces students to the distribution system and varieties of electrical power utilization, analyses and problems that may arise within the context.

Course Outline and Sessions Breakdown: 

                                       I. Distributors and Bus-Bar arrangements (CLO-1)                  (8 Sessions)

Introduction to distribution system. Urban, suburban and rural distribution systems. Primary, secondary and tertiary voltages. Radial and ring main systems, application of distribution transformers, substation switch gears and bus bar arrangements, calculation of voltage drop and regulation in distribution feeders.

II. Variable Load/Power Factor on Power System (CLO-2)                                    (6 Sessions)

Estimation of load, load characteristics, substation switch gears and bus bar arrangements, calculation of voltage drop and Power Factor: Disadvantages and causes of low power factor, methods for improvement, application of shunt capacitors in distribution network.

III. Utilization of Electrical Energy (CLO-3)                                    (6 Sessions)

Electrochemical Processes: Main types of batteries and their working, battery charging, electroplating, electrolysis and electro-metallurgical process. Cathodic protection of poles, gas pipes, oil pipes and water structures.

IV. Utilization of Electrical Energy (CLO-3)               (12 Sessions)

Heating and Welding: Electric heating, resistance, induction and dielectric heating, electric furnaces, microwave heating, electric welding, resistance welding and its types. Fundamentals of Illumination Engineering: Laws, units and terms used, requirements for good lighting, illumination schemes for various situations (street lighting, commercial/industrial lighting, stadium/flood/stage/spot lighting etc.), types of lamps, their working and relative merit.

Computer Usage:       Not applicable unless otherwise stated.

Projects / Design Activities:        Students will be asked to solve an engineering problem involving complex numbers.

Evaluation Criteria:  

1. Assignments                        10%

2. Quizzes                                10%

3. Presentation                         10%

4. Mid-Term Exam                    20%

5. Final Exam                           50%


  1. No make up tests or quizzes, except in case of emergency, e.g. illness and accident. For make up tests, medical certificate is required and the instructor must be notified in advance of the test.
  2. No late assignment will be accepted.


Course Material