This course introduce contemporary and controversial ethical issues facing the business community. Topics include moral reasoning, moral dilemmas, law and morality, equity, justice and fairness, ethical standards, and moral development. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of their moral responsibilities and obligations as members of the workforce and society.


Learnig Outcome:

1)The main objective of this course is to apprise potential engineers about social factors that contribute towards enhancing their professional performance for the good of society and the country. This course is culture specific and has to be taught within the context of local and national socio-economic environment.

2)The engineers are expected to supervise several people in different capacities and their understanding about human behaviour is critical for their optimum performance. Modification of human behaviour or getting work done from sub-ordinates and seniors remain a major challenge for all the professional engineers.

3)This course will enhance understanding about the determinants of human behaviour, which ultimately will result in improved individual efficiency.


1. Allport, G. W. (1985). The Historical Background of Modern Social Psychology. New York, Random House.

2. Bernard, A. and T. Burgess (2004). Sociology, Cambridge University Press.

3. DuBrin, A. J. (2007). Human Relations: Interpersonal Job Oriented Skills. New York, Prentice Hall.

4. Gardezi, H. N., Ed. (1991). Understanding Pakistan: The Colonial Factor in Societal Development. Lahore, Maktaba Fikr-o-Danish.

5. Hafeez, S. (1991). Changing Pakistan Society. Karachi, Royal Book Company. Gardezi, H. N., Ed. (1991).

6. Jones, G. W. (2005). "Why are Population and Development Issues not Given Priority?" Asia-Pasific Population Journal 20(1).

Course Material